Gyrus is a type of fold in the brain. It is a vital component of the limbic system and is involved in the regulation of emotion and behavior. It also controls the autonomic motor function. For the medical study and diagnosis, the gyrus is divided into two main segments, and that is anterior and posterior. Any damage to the cingulate gyrus can lead to serious disorders like emotional and behavioral disorders.
The cingulate gyrus is involved in a variety of functions, from controlling emotion to making decisions. The frontal lobe is responsible for motor functions such as speech production. While on the other hand, the anterior cingulate gyrus is responsible for attachment and emotional bonding, for example, a bond between a child and the mother.
When the anterior cingulate gyrus and amygdala work together, then it is responsible for fear conditioning and memory association. Also, the anterior cingulate gyrus plays a significant role in the formation and storage of memory. Similarly, when the anterior cingulate gyrus and hypothalamus work together, it is responsible for regulating heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate.
The cingulate gyrus is located in the middle of the corpus callosum and cingulate sulcus.
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