Follicle Simulating Hormone "FSH" is one of the essential gonadotropic hormones in our body. The pituitary gland releases this hormone in the bloodstream. The FSH is incredibly important to the development of the physical body that comes after puberty. The main changes are seen in the development of testes in males and ovaries in females. In women, this hormone's surge stimulates the growth of the ovarian follicles in the ovary before an egg is released. The hormone also aids the production of oestradiol. In males, the FSH stimulates Sertoli cells of the testes to produce sperm production for reproductive purposes. The production and the release of this hormone are regulated by several circulating hormones released by the ovaries and the testes. This system is more commonly known as the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Raised levels of FSH usually indicate a malfunction of the testes or the ovaries in males and females, respectively. If the gonads cannot create enough hormones, testosterone, and inhibin, the correct feedback control of follicle-stimulating hormone production is lost. This paves the way to the dramatic increase in the levels of the secretion of the hormone.
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