Pyramidal Neurons

Pyramidal Neurons are found in the cerebral cortex, subcortical structures, hippocampus, and the amygdala.  

One of the primary functions of Pyramidal Neurons is to convert synaptic inputs received through sensory nerves into a patterned output of action potentials. They are special because they are projection neurons. Moreover, their numerical dominance is another point that separates them from other neurons.  

We know that the brain is a complex organ. Therefore, to study it, scientists divided it in finer fragments for a deeper study. They even divided the family of neurons into two classes: 

  1. Excitatory Neurons 
  1. Inhibitory Neurons 

The first class of neurons releases neurotransmitter glutamate, and the other class releases GABA or G-Amina-Butyric Acid. Pyramidal neurons lie under the excitatory family of neurons in the brain.  

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