Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, commonly referred to as COPD, is a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common of these progressive lung diseases are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Many people who suffer from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have both of these conditions.
Emphysema is a disease that slowly destroys air sacs in your lungs, which, consequently, interferes with your body's outward airflow. Bronchitis is a condition characterized by inflammation and the narrowing of your bronchial tubes, allowing the mucus to build up.
The leading and primary cause of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is tobacco smoking in the form of cigarettes, most commonly.
Excessive and long-term exposure to chemical irritants can also lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a disease that mostly takes a long time to develop in a person.
The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease involves imaging tests, lung function tests, and blood tests. As of this year, there is no definitive cure for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
However, the treatment can help ease the symptoms and lower the chance of the development of complications. Surgery, supplemental oxygen therapy, and mediations are some forms of treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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