In everyday life, prolactin is also known as the 'milk hormone' or the luteotropic hormone. Prolactin is a hormone directly named after its ability and function to promote the level of milk production in mammals. Prolactin is known to perform more than 300 different human body functions. These functions can be classified into a variety of different fields: Reproductive Metabolic Fluid regulation, Immune system regulation and Other behavioral functions. Prolactin is produced in the front portion of the pituitary gland in humans. It is also alternatively produced in a range of sites around the body. The Lactotroph cells are the parts of the pituitary gland that are specifically responsible for the production of this hormone. The hormone prolactin in humans is also produced in the uterus, immune cells, breasts, skin, adipose tissue, and prostate. Another hormone called dopamine, which is also produced in the pituitary gland, controls prolactin's production and secretion in the human body.
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